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HCCDA Document 'SA-1855-census' page 1:

SOUTH AUSTRALIA., CENSUS RETURNS.

Laid on the Table by order of His Excellency the Governor-in-Chief.

ABSTRACT of the CENSUS RETURNS of the PROVINCE of SOUTH AUSTRALIA, taken on the 31st of MARCH, 1855, in terms of the ACT of COUNCIL, No. 13, 1854.
No. of District. Number of each age. Married or single. Totals. Occupation. Houses.
Males. Females. Males. Females.
Under two years of age. Two and under seven. Seven and under fourteen. Fourteen and under twenty-one. Twenty-one and under forty-five. Forty-five and under sixty. Sixty and upwards. Under two years of age. Two and under seven. Seven and under fourteen. Fourteen and under twenty-one. Twenty-one and under forty-five. Forty-five and under sixty. Sixty and upwards. Married. Single. Married. Single. Males. Females. General Total. Farmers. Agricultural Laborers. Merchants. Stockholders. Medical Men. Lawyers. Ministers of Religion. Surveyors. Engineers. Other Professional Persons. Clerks. Brewers. Millers. Publicans and Licensed Victuallers. Shopkeepers and other Retail Dealers. Mechanics and Artificers, viz.— Master Builders. Brickmakers. Bricklayers. Smiths. Carpenters. Masons. Plasterers. Shoemakers. Cabinetmakers. Saddlers and Harness Makers. Tailors. Tanners. Miners. Sawyers and Splitters. Shepherds and others in charge of Sheep. Stockmen and others in charge of Cattle. Carriers and their Assistants. Gardeners. Mariners and Fishermen. Domestic Servants. All other persons not included in the above. Stone or Brick. Wood. Other materials, or Tents. Total.
1. City of Adelaide—Hindmarsh Ward—Population of City, 18,259 131 275 322 227 1,035 190 37 161 280 290 410 1,049 139 33 716 1,501 773 1,589 2,217 2,362 4,579 36 123 48 12 10 4 3 12 34 67 4 4 27 150 19 1 7 42 70 6 4 49 41 13 34 13 12 5 3 3 26 1 14 397 3,285 844 56 17 917
2. City of Adelaide—Gawler Ward—Population of City, 18,259 169 288 362 273 1,193 204 29 146 339 336 443 1,069 134 24 870 1,648 969 1,522 2,518 2,491 5,009 21 260 14 6 9 4 4 4 9 28 60 3 8 45 162 9 18 45 100 15 8 62 22 20 32 9 5 2 34 7 39 396 3,549 888 41 28 957
3. City of Adelaide—Grey Ward—Population of City, 18,259 163 408 385 232 1,019 188 19 221 434 451 379 1,130 194 34 1,011 1,403 1,034 1,809 2,414 2,843 5,257 14 112 16 2 5 6 7 9 13 55 67 9 12 30 147 84 22 21 53 99 69 19 46 48 16 18 5 21 17 7 6 59 23 7 213 3,900 1,049 91 44 1,184
4. City of Adelaide—Robe Ward—Population of City, 18,259 118 251 289 177 568 142 31 109 256 282 290 750 121 30 609 967 715 1,123 1,576 1,838 3,414 8 112 25 1 5 6 5 2 1 57 56 2 7 10 23 18 12 20 73 31 21 29 9 6 14 1 10 5 1 21 11 2 239 2,571 639 47 29 715
5. Town of Kensington and Norwood—West Norwood Ward 2,553 37 83 79 42 219 30 7 46 90 93 65 236 35 11 195 302 228 348 497 576 1,073 2 43 22 1 1 2 1 15 2 15 1 12 7 12 17 10 7 13 2 2 6 1 2 3 6 10 2 31 825 226 11 13 250
6. Town of Kensington and Norwood——East Norwood Ward 2,553 22 52 57 33 109 24 6 21 47 42 49 128 23 6 111 192 130 186 303 316 619 4 23 14 2 1 1 13 1 2 12 8 1 4 5 20 6 1 6 2 3 1 1 1 7 2 19 459 113 7 15 135
7. Town of Kensington and Norwood—Kensington Ward 2,553 30 69 68 34 136 30 6 26 73 100 69 181 30 9 142 231 166 322 373 488 861 5 33 10 2 5 1 1 1 9 2 1 2 19 3 3 2 3 7 1 10 2 1 2 3 3 5 1 45 679 174 3 1 178
8. District of West Torrens 47 135 161 77 266 77 22 52 120 191 147 317 49 11 291 494 310 577 785 887 1,672 61 134 5 4 1 2 1 1 16 5 3 4 7 12 5 5 9 14 4 3 9 1 6 1 2 5 12 19 4 106 1,211 235 8 85 328
9. District of Hindmarsh 131 294 313 186 624 151 27 145 303 337 254 707 114 16 674 1,052 754 1,122 1,726 1,876 3,602 88 253 6 2 3 1 2 1 6 8 6 1 16 15 37 3 62 14 24 38 28 15 27 6 2 8 15 4 7 1 3 40 20 4 151 2,685 565 41 206 812
10. District of East Torrens 144 284 333 181 671 175 39 140 277 312 270 704 146 29 654 1,173 696 1,182 1,827 1,878 3,705 162 267 22 6 3 3 4 1 72 20 7 10 15 9 4 8 34 13 23 3 5 1 2 12 75 3 3 13 110 2 225 2,568 338 258 93 739
11. Western half of the District of Onkaparinga 41 114 110 57 257 57 18 54 116 100 83 191 53 11 221 433 223 385 654 608 1,262 151 66 1 1 4 3 2 1 5 4 1 5 10 1 2 14 2 1 11 4 2 3 3 8 28 1 1 2 17 908 49 141 57 217
11A. Eastern half of the District of Onkaparinga 54 128 132 71 269 49 16 64 110 96 74 235 40 14 259 460 269 364 719 633 1,352 157 96 1 2 4 4 2 1 3 2 15 16 1 11 1 1 1 6 8 1 28 991 48 139 21 258
12. Southern half of the District of Yatala 65 181 212 120 381 101 32 78 195 204 161 360 90 29 403 689 432 685 1,092 1,117 2,209 134 166 12 6 1 4 3 1 4 6 2 1 14 25 11 2 4 11 16 8 11 2 2 1 1 1 5 27 2 90 1,636 297 19 126 442
12A. Northern half of the District of Yatala 46 117 111 90 279 64 4 48 91 120 101 210 35 5 206 505 213 397 711 610 1,321 159 122 3 1 1 2 21 4 1 3 9 19 3 3 4 16 13 1 3 9 3 2 3 4 10 102 800 104 12 106 222
13. Western half of the District of Highercombe 27 69 78 77 151 47 4 34 66 66 54 125 30 4 146 307 148 231 453 379 832 104 114 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 4 4 3 3 1 5 24 562 63 73 13 119
13A. Eastern half of the District of Highercombe 29 44 62 43 122 32 1 14 46 47 43 100 25 120 213 123 152 333 275 608 53 94 1 1 4 3 8 3 2 6 5 1 2 7 25 393 49 20 50 119
14. Northern half of the District of Para Wirra 5 23 28 18 40 10 2 11 25 26 13 35 8 3 34 92 36 85 126 121 247 31 23 1 1 1 1 1 8 1 9 170 15 19 4 38
14A. Southern half of the District of Para Wirra 14 47 42 32 75 16 4 8 36 45 30 65 9 4 75 155 74 123 230 197 427 56 53 1 2 1 2 2 1 4 4 2 4 14 281 16 38 17 71
15. Portion of the District of Talunga north of the River Torrens 36 65 62 40 119 28 9 19 55 41 45 100 14 7 116 243 121 160 359 281 640 84 54 1 2 3 6 11 1 3 1 1 1 2 1 38 431 13 79 23 115
15A. Portion of the District of Talunga south of the River Torrens 45 95 106 81 233 52 13 49 99 77 66 175 37 4 192 433 202 305 625 507 1,132 136 121 1 1 1 1 3 5 3 8 6 11 5 3 1 3 1 1 1 1 18 801 51 113 38 202
16. District of Mount Crawford 20 30 33 22 85 17 5 16 36 23 33 63 11 3 63 149 68 117 212 185 397 46 41 7 1 2 1 4 1 2 6 2 2 21 261 23 40 13 76
17. District of Barrossa West 79 152 143 106 365 73 12 73 159 148 116 310 45 11 317 613 339 523 930 862 1,792 134 99 1 1 3 1 7 5 3 2 3 10 5 38 2 2 6 21 38 14 3 16 1 3 2 2 2 10 1 2 1 2 65 1,287 160 175 25 360
18. District of Barossa East 25 91 74 55 157 26 14 48 70 66 48 122 23 8 148 294 150 235 412 385 827 142 27 5 3 2 2 4 7 5 3 1 3 2 3 1 1 17 599 28 16 109 153
19. District of Munno Para West 62 143 157 136 311 70 20 78 155 158 115 266 46 8 274 625 281 545 899 826 1,725 287 137 1 3 2 2 5 1 1 1 11 8 9 7 2 1 2 2 39 1,204 64 65 179 308
20. District of Munno Para East 30 57 68 55 152 23 7 32 68 56 49 121 19 1 124 268 122 224 392 346 738 95 129 3 1 1 2 1 3 1 1 5 6 1 2 3 46 438 70 26 26 122
21. District of Mudla Wirra 20 46 54 51 151 24 3 33 72 57 40 99 27 1 132 217 126 203 349 329 678 78 77 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 2 1 15 2 3 1 17 464 37 84 11 132
22. District of Angaston 52 109 109 79 255 76 16 49 125 109 79 206 56 16 225 471 238 402 696 640 1,336 174 64 2 3 1 3 4 4 3 4 8 10 2 12 15 14 7 1 2 1 3 6 8 6 1 53 925 96 18 133 252
23. District of Clare 36 75 82 69 212 37 5 46 91 91 62 179 33 4 189 327 202 304 516 506 1,022 86 83 4 2 1 2 2 1 6 1 3 7 12 1 9 9 12 5 4 2 1 10 11 6 3 8 56 675 74 128 11 243
24. District of Upper Wakefield 44 78 66 61 176 36 7 36 60 55 66 119 28 1 141 327 148 217 468 365 833 116 50 5 1 2 2 2 3 4 10 7 5 1 6 2 9 3 15 2 13 575 61 85 15 161
25. District of Mitcham 106 249 258 169 526 140 32 93 209 268 220 559 121 16 510 970 545 941 1,480 1,486 2,966 181 156 22 2 1 5 4 2 6 38 18 1 3 10 18 2 4 7 14 23 16 2 12 5 8 1 7 2 3 10 58 2 174 2,149 352 107 135 594
26. District of Brighton 50 113 156 71 261 50 15 57 124 160 136 298 54 13 241 475 252 590 716 842 1,558 92 105 9 3 1 6 2 1 2 1 7 8 11 1 2 1 8 6 7 1 4 2 3 1 6 4 8 127 1,129 167 9 71 247
27. District of Echunga 30 77 82 64 269 23 8 38 71 87 45 163 35 4 203 350 177 266 553 443 996 86 101 1 1 1 5 1 2 5 17 2 8 10 2 3 5 2 73 15 1 1 3 8 3 41 599 32 77 96 205
28. District of Clarendon 41 110 117 76 237 47 12 56 102 109 76 193 40 5 237 403 226 355 640 581 1,221 125 133 1 3 4 1 2 10 1 1 3 9 4 1 9 5 3 2 9 1 5 35 854 59 58 103 220
29. Southern half of the District of Mount Barker 7 34 31 28 69 14 2 17 34 26 29 52 12 6 57 128 65 111 185 176 361 57 40 1 5 3 1 1 3 2 1 12 235 12 27 25 64
29A. Southern half of the District of Mount Barker 44 100 86 67 202 43 6 54 95 84 87 201 30 7 197 351 205 353 548 558 1,106 73 75 1 6 1 4 3 5 1 2 3 10 2 3 3 11 12 6 2 9 2 2 4 2 5 6 1 3 50 799 82 106 24 212
30A. Western half of the District of Nairne 4 9 3 9 3 2 3 3 1 8 1 8 20 9 9 28 18 46 4 4 1 12 25 2 6 7 15
30. Eastern half of the District of Nairne 57 143 118 78 247 48 15 62 133 125 89 217 41 6 228 478 235 438 706 673 1,379 98 87 3 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 3 4 10 1 11 13 5 9 1 2 3 36 3 3 3 1 44 1,031 117 62 73 252
31. District of Morphett Vale 43 131 138 73 266 55 10 37 102 148 106 253 41 6 229 487 226 467 716 693 1,409 139 46 2 3 1 2 7 7 5 6 2 3 6 6 4 3 9 1 1 1 1 7 1 1,146 110 38 110 258
32. District of Kondoparinga 26 54 58 45 130 30 4 23 53 61 43 88 18 2 102 245 105 183 347 288 635 93 69 1 1 1 1 2 5 1 1 1 2 2 12 443 8 91 2 101
33. District of Macclesfield 29 66 56 42 134 31 4 32 77 48 48 115 28 4 128 234 134 218 362 352 714 84 34 2 2 1 1 3 5 4 1 4 7 3 7 1 1 1 4 2 19 528 20 103 2 130
34. District of Strathalbyn 48 65 80 58 252 26 7 44 98 78 70 183 18 5 180 356 190 306 536 496 1,032 131 86 1 2 1 2 2 2 3 2 4 2 2 7 10 6 2 5 1 1 4 9 4 3 28 712 75 118 17 210
35. District of Willunga 97 216 217 168 480 96 19 79 214 210 174 419 72 13 418 875 429 752 1,293 1,181 2,474 258 227 2 5 7 1 2 2 3 10 7 12 7 6 12 22 13 9 2 1 2 11 5 2 1 3 71 1,771 177 77 195 449
36. Northern portion of the Districts of Yankalilla and Myponga (Hundred of Myponga) 18 37 24 11 80 13 2 15 31 29 17 56 4 56 129 59 93 185 152 337 49 27 2 1 1 1 3 5 6 1 2 4 235 7 26 29 62
36A. Middle portion of the Districts of Yankalilla and Encounter Bay (Hundred of Yankalilla) 41 98 71 74 229 37 4 53 72 76 63 168 24 5 189 365 185 276 554 461 1,015 137 85 4 1 3 2 2 1 2 5 8 2 10 1 1 2 2 6 31 710 29 83 80 192
36B. Southern portion of the Districts of Yankalilla and Encounter Bay (Hundred of Waitpinga) 2 4 1 4 7 1 1 1 2 4 6 2 4 16 4 11 20 15 35 3 3 1 1 1 26 1 5 1 7
37. Portion of the District of Encounter Bay (Hundred of Encounter Bay) 18 32 47 37 105 18 3 13 27 27 38 68 12 3 80 180 87 101 260 188 448 58 60 1 1 2 8 1 2 1 2 4 1 1 5 4 10 3 17 15 252 27 37 13 77
37A. Portion of the District of Encounter Bay (Hundred of Goolwa) 42 88 85 57 302 26 5 42 73 67 45 191 20 2 185 420 184 256 605 440 1,045 83 86 2 2 1 2 1 5 1 4 1 3 2 10 10 3 1 6 18 6 5 2 4 2 8 4 1 1 21 34 716 59 33 126 218
37B. Portion of the District of Encounter Bay (Hundred of Nkangkita) 10 33 25 13 51 11 4 13 30 21 14 40 6 1 44 103 45 80 147 125 272 41 13 4 1 1 1 2 3 3 4 5 194 14 17 15 46
38. District of Bremer 30 41 34 35 114 18 6 27 49 59 30 85 9 3 93 185 92 170 278 262 540 77 44 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 3 1 1 2 3 1 1 4 15 378 28 33 41 102
39. District of Port Adelaide 150 262 250 150 819 135 31 121 230 243 256 758 82 20 663 1,134 710 1,000 1,797 1,710 3,507 9 172 23 6 1 1 4 9 10 50 7 25 23 15 6 11 23 90 21 1 24 8 1 5 2 9 14 2 165 172 2,598 247 445 41 733
40. District embracing the whole of the County of Gawler, exclusive of the Hundreds of Mudla Wirra and Port Gawler 13 34 26 21 82 11 1 13 25 18 24 54 4 2 59 129 60 80 188 140 328 16 19 6 3 2 1 2 3 34 4 8 13 217 10 49 5 64
41. District embracing the whole of the County of Light, exclusive of the District of Angaston, and a portion of the District of Mount Crawford 200 431 416 313 1,087 259 41 214 446 395 327 827 175 36 949 1,798 954 1,466 2,747 2,420 5,167 640 218 3 13 5 8 11 1 2 3 1 6 14 30 1 1 20 23 17 26 5 7 2 91 26 84 7 13 5 1 98 3,785 402 305 245 952
42. County of Sturt, exclusive of District of Nairne 20 48 46 43 171 20 7 23 47 38 37 101 10 1 105 250 103 154 355 257 612 34 8 16 1 1 2 2 3 5 2 3 5 10 3 30 1 46 13 3 1 43 380 31 81 7 119
43. County of Russell 5 11 4 12 51 6 4 6 7 6 10 22 3 23 70 25 29 93 54 147 6 15 7 2 1 4 8 15 14 75 7 27 34
44. District comprising the whole of the County of Eyre and the northern bank of the Murray from the Great Bend to the eastern boundary of the Province 29 41 32 51 132 33 2 19 41 35 36 84 15 3 91 229 93 140 320 233 533 49 53 2 9 1 1 1 2 3 2 2 1 2 3 1 2 58 12 2 18 329 25 84 10 119
45. District comprising the whole of the County of Stanley, exclusive of the Districts of Clare and Upper Wakefield 16 22 27 26 124 14 10 15 29 23 16 69 8 5 85 154 78 87 239 165 404 15 14 10 2 2 2 7 108 4 4 14 222 20 74 4 98
46. District comprising the whole of the County of Burra 99 192 193 173 702 87 8 108 199 163 162 506 61 10 533 921 552 657 1,454 1,209 2,663 19 9 4 3 4 5 11 12 10 2 13 38 11 2 1 15 13 14 1 12 5 3 2 9 468 8 52 3 43 2 2 58 1,809 448 107 30 585
47. District of County of Flinders 18 23 27 25 140 25 6 12 32 14 24 60 9 2 68 196 63 90 264 153 417 14 21 1 5 1 1 1 7 2 1 2 2 6 1 1 1 5 81 3 1 4 3 25 228 39 48 14 101
48. District of County of Frome 2 5 12 8 68 1 9 14 13 13 24 31 65 29 44 96 73 169 1 3 2 5 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 31 13 1 72 29 3 45 3 51
49. District of County of Grey 37 57 80 66 274 47 7 36 54 58 53 150 20 3 152 416 155 219 568 374 942 17 40 31 1 1 1 1 1 3 5 1 3 12 1 5 2 21 106 17 15 4 172 482 4 163 19 186
50. District of County of Robe 13 27 39 38 165 29 9 20 27 23 32 95 13 2 99 221 98 114 320 212 532 4 54 2 18 3 1 1 1 6 3 3 5 5 6 2 2 58 10 9 1 2 68 268 26 80 8 114
51. All that country between the boundary of the Province on the east ; the River Murray on the north and west, to the northern boundary of the County of Russell ; the eastern boundary of the County of Russell ; the sea-coast ; and by the northern boundary of the County of Robe 10 16 20 31 123 20 5 10 21 30 24 58 13 59 166 61 95 225 156 381 10 22 4 1 1 60 9 7 54 213 4 63 6 73
52. Comprising Kangaroo Island and Yorke's Peninsula, with that portion north lying westward of the County of Stanley, and on the production northwards of its western boundary to the southern boundary of the County of Frome 5 14 12 29 186 21 4 4 5 18 14 38 4 2 42 229 38 47 271 85 356 3 8 8 1 2 2 2 2 1 170 16 1 8 132 15 63 14 92
53. All that country north of the County of Frome, and the northern boundary of the last-mentioned District 3 8 9 19 131 9 3 5 14 14 7 30 1 32 150 32 39 182 71 253 1 4 12 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 103 20 1 64 37 3 54 3 60
54. All that country north of the Counties of Flinders and Frome
Totals 3,081 6,689 6,984 4,903 17,855 3,496 712 3,230 6,682 6,798 6,024 15,591 2,620 524 15,038 28,682 15,795 25,674 43,720 41,469 85,189 5,321 5,105 269 237 108 61 97 64 108 428 447 66 160 353 969 247 171 153 532 986 447 108 552 181 104 181 71 840 368 1,118 220 391 393 338 4,126 59,869 9,101 4,709 3,087 16,897

The estimated population, based on the last Census Returns (taken January 1st, 1851), and upon official returns of births and deaths, arrivals and departures by sea and land, &c., since that date, amounts to 95,725, being 10,436 more than the number arrived at by the present Census. To account for this discrepancy, it is necessary to state, that it has been ascertained that during the years 1851, 1852, 1853, and 1854, especially during 1852 and 1853, a much larger number of persons left the Province by sea, than are shown in the Customs Returns of Emigration ; in some instances to the extent of 50 per cent in excess. Assuming that, on an average, the actual emigration by sea has been 25 per cent in exces of that officially reported, it wil appear that, instead of 39,615 having left the Colony during those years, the real number must have been about 49,519. The estimated population those corrected would be about 85,821, leaving only 632 to be accounted for, which may be fairly added to the Census, for omissions, persons travelling, &c., and for District 64, the returns for which have not yet been received.

Total Males 43,726
Total Females 41,469
Add for District 54 (returns not received) 400
Omissions, persons travelling 232
Total population of South Australia on March 31, 1855 85,821
                 

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